Welfare is the health, happiness, and the fortunes of a person or a group of people. It is a government-sponsored program for individuals and groups regarding family needs such as health care assistance, provision of foodstuffs and unemployment compensation. The programs are funded through taxation.
It protects and promotes the economic and social well-being of citizens. It is based on the principles of equal opportunities, equal distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for citizens who are unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions of goods.
Pros of Welfare
- It reduces the risk of societal collapse
Welfare allows its members to be insured against catastrophes. This makes the society to continue even after the eventuality happens as they will be compensated by the insurance firm and they will be able to continue with their lives again.
- Improves health care situations for families in poverty
Those families that are in poverty, welfare programs are able to ensure that they get access to health facilities and food in order for them to live well hence reducing the mortality rate due to the inadequacy of food and health facilities.
- It works to reduce income inequality
There will not be income inequality in the society which may render the gap between the poor and the rich to widen hence discrimination when it comes to the provision of other services.
- They help reduce poverty
As the welfare programs provide the essentials to the people who are unable to get them hence the poverty levels will reduce in society.
- Provides an income supplement to those who are working
People who are working but are unable to earn a good amount of money are provided with supplements so that they can meet all their needs.
- It goes for those who qualify for the program
Those people in the society who qualify for the program are assisted so that they may be at the same level of life with those who are working hence bridging the socioeconomic class.
- It supports children more
Society needs the children more than the adults so the program supports the children much so that they may not be affected in their growth and development.
- It gets people back to their feet
Some people are assisted for them to find ways of supporting themselves. It brings people back who might have been affected in one way or another hence they will be able to get to their normal life.
- It helps reduce crime
Welfare programs will enable the community to reduce crime rates as people will not rob others for them to get food for their families.
- Welfare is not available to undocumented workers
In the United States, welfare benefits are only given to workers with visa hence if people go there illegally will not be able to get the benefits from welfare programs.
- Often limited
Those who rely on welfare benefit fully will not be able to meet all their needs as other people will not strive to look for employment opportunities knowing that they will be given the necessities so it is limited to encourage people to work.
Cons of Welfare
- It creates societal cliques
Issues in society such as people who are alcoholics bring concern if they qualify to receive welfare benefits and this may create cliques in the society.
- Highly variable programs
Like in the United States, there is a possibility of some states offering the welfare programs and others do not offer. There is no guarantee that the states should offer welfare programs hence the services are variable.
- They do not address the root cause of poverty
The programs should be able to identify the root cause of poverty in the area so that they may deal with it hence leaving the society to depend on itself in the future.
- It can create dependency
The programs can increase the number of dependency in the society and this may make the burden of the government to be high as they will be required to meet the needs of the members of the society.
- It can create an avenue of abuse
Some people may abuse the privilege and take advantage of the programs which may be a cost to the taxpayers hence abusing the privilege.
- It does not support modern household
The program does not support everyone fully. There is to an extent to which the society supports the individuals and this makes them not to be able to meet their needs fully.
- They are not an automatic process
The families that receive the benefits from the programs, it is based on the amount of income that family gets hence there is no guarantee that the programs will support the individuals fully.
- The cost of the programs can be high
As many people will take advantage of the programs the number of people to be offered with assistance will be high making the government increase the amount of tax in order for them to meet the needs of the programs.
- It can create a negative reaction to the beneficiaries in public
People in the community may react to the beneficiaries negatively making people fear using the resources from the programs.
- It encourages corporations to pay fewer wages
The corporations may decide to pay fewer wages to their workers as the benefits from the programs depend on the amount of income a family has hence exploiting the workers know that they may benefit from the welfare programs.
Welfare programs are to balance the needs of a household having enough to meet their basic needs in life while developing skills to make the beneficiaries to be dependent in the future. The programs are to equip the beneficiaries with the skills so that it reaches a time in life when they can meet their own needs.