Stem cell research is the area of research that studies the properties of stem cells that can be used in the manufacturing of medicines. The cells are a source of tissues that contain properties that help in our understanding of the healthy and diseased body’s development and hemostasis.
The cells are capable of dividing and renewing themselves, they are unspecialized and can produce specialized cell types. They divide and renew themselves for a long period of time.
Pros of Stem Cell Research
- It provides medical benefits
As stem cells are able to divide and renew themselves, they are used to provide medicine for various diseases hence they are helpful for animals.
- Embryonic cells can divide into any cell type
This makes it possible to be of more benefit than the adult cell as they can produce different cell types that can be used in the field of medical research.
- Patient’s adult stem cell can be used to treat the patient
This is more effective as the patient’s body cannot reject its own cell type and this may make the healing very effective.
- They provide developmental research
Stem cells can be used to study developmental stages such as pregnancy and this may make the researchers come up with a solution to problems that may affect pregnancy hence reducing the child mortality rate.
- The researchers are able to test the medicine before being used
The researchers are able to test if the drug generated from the cells is good or not good before being used on the animals and human beings hence bringing to the market the right medicine to be consumed by humans and animals.
- Helps the researchers to learn about human growth
The researchers are able to learn about human growth and development through the research that is done on the cell development hence able to tell if the human being is growing as needed or there is a problem with the growth.
- Organs can be grown in the lab
Through the use of the cells, organs can be grown in the lab and they may be used to transplant to human beings which may help save a life.
- Provides potential for discovering treatments to diseases
When the researchers study the stem cells, they may be able to diagnose the cause of illness and through that, it may become easier for them to come with a treatment to the ailment.
- Reduces problems associated with transplanting
There are various problems that are associated with transplanting. Stem cell research reduces the risk by allowing the patient to be transplanted with his or her own organ hence minimal chances of the risks that come with transplanting
Cons of Stem Cell Research
- They are derived from a different patient’s embryos
This may reject the patient’s body and they will not assist the other patient apart from the owner hence the cells cannot assist someone else.
- Adult cell bodies are specialized
The adults’ cell bodies perform a specific function. For instance, if the cells are for blood, they only make blood and this limits the cells to be used on other parts of the body.
- Stem cells make coronary arteries narrower
According to research, it says that when the stem cells are used on a patient with heart disease, they make the coronary arteries narrower and this may lead to an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart hence the patient can easily die.
- Embryonic stem cells may not be used to cure diseases
This is because the cells are at a developmental stage and they may not have developed enough resistance to diseases hence they may not be used to cure diseases.
- Long-term effects
As it is a new technology, the researchers may not be sure of the long-term effects which may turn out to be hazardous to the patient in the future.
- It destroys blastocysts
For embryonic stem cells to be formed, the blastocysts need to be destroyed and conception starts with blastocysts and this may be destructive to human life which is not accepted.
- It is a very difficult process
The process of stem cell research is very difficult and it needs qualified people in that field for them to conduct the research hence a lot of resources need to be invested in the field.
- Adults have few stem cells
It may be difficult to obtain stem cells from the adult as they have few stem cells and taking some of the cells from them may interfere with the functioning of their bodies.
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The development of stem cell research has proved to be very fruitful in human life. This is because it has helped save a lot of human beings’ lives and this may be embraced to reduce mortality rates. Although it has its own disadvantages, it should not be assumed as it may cause problems for the patients.