The growing population across the world has increased the demand for energy sources. The topic of the best energy sources is tossing the world into pieces.
The argument about renewable energy and non-renewable energy is hot, but many people are opting for renewable energy sources since they do not get depleted.
Here are some of the common types of renewable energy sources; solar energy, geothermal power, wind power, biomass, hydropower, and tidal power.
The advantages and disadvantages of renewable energy sources are quite admirable as compared to the pros and cons of non-renewable energy sources.
In this post, you will discover detailed information about the pros and cons of renewable energy. What are the advantages and disadvantages of renewable energy? Let’s jump in now:
Advantages of Renewable Energy
The pros of renewable energy sources are quite many, and this is the reason behind their popularity around the globe.
- Minimal Negative Environmental Impact
Renewable energy sources are environmentally friendly since their production involves the emission of a small amount of carbon footprint. They make the environment habitable as they do not cause pollution with toxic gases.
- Stable Energy Prices
The cost of renewable energy sources cannot be inflated with the dynamics in the economy since the cost of production is determined by the amount of money used in the development of its infrastructure. It is the reason why their prices will remain stable even with bulk production of energy.
- Low Cost of Maintenance
Renewable sources of energy are obtained from natural resources hence require a low cost of maintenance. The technologies used to extract heat from its natural setting are quite affordable.
- Continual Source of Energy
The main focus of renewable energy stations is to ensure there is continuous source energy to the public. Sun and lakes are going to be there for a billion years hence making renewable energy reliable and sustainable.
- Reliable Sources
Renewable energy sources are not going to run out soon, and this is what makes them credible. The references are obtained from the natural setting which is readily available, and they are going to serve the public for a lifetime.
- Availability of Micro-Station Alternatives
People living in remote areas can easily access renewable energy sources through the use of solar panels and small wind farms. The presence of micro-station options helps to make renewable energy sources accessible to both urban and remote areas.
- Low Cost of Operation
The cost of operating renewable sources is much lower than the price of producing fossil fuels. However, the initial cost of development and implementation of renewable energy is high.
- Creation of Job Opportunities
The development of renewable energy has a significant impact on the growth and development of an economy of a nation. The manufacturing and installation of powers happen to be the primary sources of job opportunities for people.
- Improve Public Health
Renewable energy sources do not cause pollution, and if more people embrace it, then they are going to live a healthy lifestyle. Few cases of diseases like cancer and heart diseases will be reported.
- Existence of Multiple Forms of Renewable Energy
Renewable energy helps the nation to reduce the cost of importing fuel since it is an excellent alternative to non-renewable energy sources.
Read More: Pros and Cons of Non-Renewable Energy
Disadvantages of Renewable Energy
Why should we not use renewable energy? Well, continue reading the pros and cons of renewable energy to get facts right why we should not use renewable energy sources. Here are the adverse effects of renewable energy sources:
- High Cost of Development
The construction of renewable energy stations is quite expensive. It requires a lot of capital to set the manufacturing firm and installation components as compared to non-renewable energy sources like fossil fuels.
- Not Available in Many Areas
Some areas do not experience sunlight, wind, and even have no lakes. Such regions require renewable energy to be transported and this could be expensive since it involves the construction of infrastructure.
- Lack of Storage Facilities
Renewable energy occurs in abundance but cannot be produced much in a short time. Production of a large amount of renewable energy from power plants can be quite expensive.
- Causes Air Pollution
Harnessing energy from biomass causes air pollution, and it also requires a lot of energy to produce it. The production process can hurt the health of people in the nation due to many cases of airborne diseases.
- Weather Dependent
Renewable energy is dependent on the weather climate. Any change in weather climate can have a significant impact on its production. Sun does not shine throughout day and night; hence solar panels are likely to produce less energy at night.
- Efficiency Level is Low
The technologies being used in the production of power are entirely new; hence they lack the efficiency needed. Many investors fear to venture into the area due to the low return.
- Renewable Energy is Location Specific
Renewable energy is not available in all areas thus require the development of infrastructure to enhance its transportation to these remote areas. The development of infrastructure and transportation tend to be very expensive.
- Large Area Required
To produce a large amount of energy then it requires setting up quite a good number of solar panels or wind farms on a large piece of land.
- Destruction of Natural Habitat
Production of energy from hydroelectric power stations involves the turning of turbines. The turnings interfere with the flow of water which in turn destroys the natural habitat of marine beings.
- Difficult to Produce Energy in Large Quantities
The generation of electricity in large quantities is quite impossible as compared to some non-renewable energy like fossil fuel which can be generated in high amounts.
Read More: Pros and Cons of Coal Energy
The pros and cons of renewable energy show that the technology used in the extraction of energy has great potential if utilized well. The limitations that come with the removal of the energy source can shy away investors.
However, if we invest much in the energy sector, the prices of the consumptions are going to be much low, creation of job opportunities are going to increase, and this will also ensure some of the remote areas are going to get access to it.