Organ donation is the process when a person allows an organ of their own to be removed and transplanted to another person legally, either by consent when the donor is alive or dead with the assent of next of kin.
It is done surgically. Organs such as the liver, kidney, pancreas, and heart are the ones that are commonly transplanted. It can either be living donation or deceased donation
Pros of Organ Donation
- Make a difference
When someone has donated an organ, it makes a difference in his or her life and the person who was having an infected organ may start living a good life again.
- Live to see who you have affected
When the donation is living, then the donor can see whom he or she has given the organ and that may make him or her happy as he has given back to society in a positive way.
- Free to become a donor
Those people who would like to be donors, it free as they will change the lives of those who need the organ so they are encouraged to register as donors for free.
- It improves other’s quality of life
The people suffering and who are in real need of the organ may improve their quality of life after the transplant and this will help reduce death cases which will make the government continue enjoying the service from the person hence improving the economy.
- Helps the grieving process
Many families will value the one who donated an organ to the member of the family who was really in need and this may bring unity in the family and the whole nation at large.
- Restores hope in the ailing member
When someone receives an organ his or her hope of living is restored as he or she may continue living with the assistance of the transplanted organ.
- A deceased donation makes use of the organ that could be wasted
When someone receives a transplant of an organ from a dead person it makes the organ to be utilized which would have otherwise been left to rot in the ground or be burnt.
Cons of Organ Donation
- Risks of major surgery
Organ donation comes with risks of major surgery such as bleeding, infection, blood clots, allergic reactions or damage to nearby organs. This may occur to either the donor or the recipient hence it makes many people fear the issue of organ donation.
- Mistrust of medical professions
In case of deceased donation, most people fear coming out as donors as they fear that the medical professions may mishandle them so that they may die quickly and take their organs to be transplanted to other people at a very high cost. This limits the number of people who would like to come out as donors.
- Lack of confidence
Some people are not confident enough that their organs may be good enough to be used by another person so they end up fearing to come out as donors.
- Religion and cultural issues
Some religions and cultures do not support the idea of organ transplants as they think that an individual should be buried with all his parts of the body.
- The recipient may contact other diseases from the donor
The recipient may contact other infections from the donor which may cause more harm than good to the recipient of the organ.
- Side effects may occur on the donor
Some people may have side effects such as headache or feeling sick now and then after they have donated the organ to another person.
Organ transplant is good as it helps save other peoples’ lives but the drawbacks that may come as a result are to be handled so that many people may be encouraged to be donors hence improving the life expectancy of human beings.