Natural gas is among the top trending fossil fuels that the world depends on today. It is a non-renewable energy source that provides electricity and heat for use.
Natural gas is obtained from decomposing plants and animal matter under high pressure and heat. It is considered to be clean energy when compared to oil and coal energy sources.
The pros and cons of natural gas show that it is going to replace both coal and oil in the coming decades. However, it is not that green since it contains some minimal amount of hydrocarbons.
In this post, you will explore information about the advantages and disadvantages of natural gas. The vivid descriptions outline some of the reasons why it is going to replace coal and, oil. Let’s jump in.
Pros of Natural Gas
- Releases Minimal Carbon Emissions
Natural gas is considered to be cleaner than coal and oil energy. It produces a minimal amount of carbon gases to the atmosphere. It is the reason why it is going to replace fuel and oil energy in the coming years.
- Abundant and Accessible Energy Source
Research shows that the US has almost about 6879 trillions of reserves of natural gas, and more reserves are not discovered. The energy source will replace coal and oil in the coming two or three decades.
- Affordable Source of Energy
Natural gas is quite cheaper when compared to diesel and other gasoline. Vehicles running on natural gas are more efficient in terms of power and speed.
- Widely Used in Chemical Industries
Natural gas is typically used in chemical industries during the production of plastics and other chemicals. It can also be used in homes for heating and cooking.
- Easy Transportation
Transportation of natural gas after extraction and treatment is quite easy. It can be transported through tankers, ships, and pipelines.
- Great Technology
The infrastructure used in the removal and treatment of natural gas is readily available. The technology is behind the discovery of other fossil fuels in the world.
- Main Source of Electricity
Research shows that the heating value of natural gas is about 24000 Btu per pound hence making it the primary source of electricity when the demand is too high.
- No Soot and Ash
Natural gas is clean energy, and it does not result in the formation of ash as well as the production of soot. Research shows that it causes less pollution to the atmosphere as compared to coal and oil energy.
- Reliable Source of Energy
Natural gas can produce electricity for 24 hours, which is on the higher side when compared to other non-renewable energy sources.
- Creates Employment Opportunities
Natural gas plants in the US create about three million of jobs. This is a significant boost to reduce the level of unemployment in the country.
Cons of Natural Gas
- Harmful to the Environment
Combustion and extraction of natural gas result in the formation of methane as well as carbon dioxide, which are detrimental to the environment.
- Highly Flammable
Natural gas is odorless and colorless, making it challenging to detect. In the case of gas leakage, it can be explosive, making it risky to use in households.
- Global Warming
The emission of carbon dioxide during extraction and combustion can result in the greenhouse effect. Global warming can destruct agricultural activities among farming nations.
- Non-renewable Energy
Natural gas is a non-sustainable source of energy, and it can easily be replaced by renewable energy sources in the coming decades.
- Has Low Energy Density
The overall energy density of natural gas is quite low compared to oil energy and diesel energy. The feature makes them less efficient for use in commercial areas.
- Difficult to Transport
Transportation of large quantities of natural gas requires high pressure. However, a shipment of a small amount of natural gas might not be secure since the force is low.
- Not Readily Available
Natural gas does not occur in abundance in all nations. Some nations are required to import them from other countries with vast quantities. It is among the reason why natural gas is pricy in these nations.
- Risky during Transportation
Natural gas is susceptible to leakages, and this can result in an explosion since they are known to be highly flammable non-renewable energy sources.
- Lead to Deforestation
The gas is transported through the pipelines. The installation of pipes underground will involve cutting down of trees to create the way. If the pipes are required to be circulated over a long distance, then this will lead to deforestation.
- Extraction of Gas is Harmful to the Environment
Gas extraction is done by heavy machinery known as hydraulic. The machines cause damage to the environment during the process, making it inhabitable.