The industrial revolution is the transition of new manufacturing processes in Europe and the United States. The few things that were being made by hands are now being made using machines hence improving the production rate.
There is technology that is involved in the production, socioeconomic, and cultural status. The machines are highly used in production thus the production becomes easier as compared to when there were no machines involved during the production.
Pros of the Industrial Revolution
- There is a rise in specialist profession
As machines are invented, the number of specialists who are needed in the production increases as many people are required to operate the machines hence many people specialists will be trained in that field.
- It reduces the influence of borders
The invention of machines made it possible for international trade to take place. This was enhanced as there was easy transportation of goods across the borders hence the industrial revolution developed international trade.
- It improved the processing in all sectors
Many sectors had to process things at a fast rate as compared to the way it used to be with the invention of the machines. The process leads to the quality of goods being made within a short period of time.
- Competition was created
There was competition among many industries and this has led to the production of quality goods hence the consumers are able to get quality goods from the market.
- Increase in production levels
Many firms that adopted the industrial revolution increased their production. They were able to produce goods in large quantities hence easy to have a continuous supply of goods.
- It promoted innovations
People were now challenged were able to innovate other machines that could make the work easier hence more innovations were brought about.
- It created employment opportunities
Many employment opportunities were able to be created as many people were employed to run the machines.
- Improved living standards of people
As many people were employed, they were able to improve their living standards as they were able to get income from working.
- It led to the production of high-quality goods
Many firms were now able to produce goods of high quality and this allowed them to fetch good prices in the market.
- Increase in wealth
People were able to increase the amount of wealth that they possess as the businesses could expand easily hence increasing the amount of wealth.
Read More: Pros and Cons of Space Exploration
Cons of the Industrial Revolution
- No jobs for locals
The local community that did not have skills of operating the machines was not able to be employed and this made them lose their jobs as no more hand was needed in the firms.
- It needs natural resources
Most of the machines that were invented used fossil fuel and this could make them stop running once the resources run out.
- It was not globally
The poor nations that could not make the machines depend on the goods that are produced across the border and this makes them rely on goods from foreign nations.
- Poor working conditions
The workers that worked with the machines could easily be hurt sometimes leading to death. That is why unions were formed to protect the workers in the industries.
- It caused pollution
There was pollution everywhere in that it led to the emergence of diseases that were expensive to treat as many gases were emitted to the environment causing problems to both plants and animals.
- It changed the world to urban culture
This led to migration from rural to urban where the industries were created so that they can get employed and this made the urban centers to be overpopulated. It also led to less production of raw materials as many industries depended on the agricultural produce as the raw materials.
- Long working hours
As the industries needed to produces goods in large amounts, it subjected the workers to longer working hours hence exploiting them.
- Child labour
Industries employed children so that they may pay them little wages. This made a lot of children to drop out of schools to seek employment that eventually made them be exploited as they were paid very little from the industries.
- It needed professionals
The machines that were invented needed professionals to work with and maintain. This made many industries to higher professionals that could help them work with the machines hence an extra cost to the industries.
Read More: Pros and Cons of Fracking
The industrial revolution led to massive production of goods as the machines could process goods at a faster rate hence there was the availability of goods for the consumers to use. The problems that were brought about by the industrial revolution can be dealt with and this may improve the economy of a nation.