Homework is the assignment or a set of tasks assigned to students by the teachers to be completed outside the classroom. The main goal of homework is to have students practice whatever they have learned in the classroom and apply the knowledge outside the classroom.
Pros of Homework
- It can be treated as an extracurricular activity
The students do not have to necessarily be at a specific place in order for them to complete the work. This an advantage to them as they can do the work from anywhere and at any time.
- Reduces the amount of time spent on watching television
When students have homework, they will not have a lot of time to spend on the screen and this may make them not to watch irrelevant materials on the screen and also not to be addicted to watching the television,
- More time to complete the learning process
In most cases, the students are normally given homework assignments as part of the learning they had started in class. This will enable the learner to comprehend the concept more hence completing the learning process.
- Allows comfortable place to study
Classrooms may be comfortable but the learner may be distracted by various things or even other learners. When at home the environment may be conducive hence the learner can easily concentrate and gain something from it.
- It acts as a communication network between parents and teachers
When the learner has been given homework, the parent may be able to see what the child is able to do and may communicate to the teacher if the concept was understood or not and the teacher may know the specific area to assist the learner.
- Time management skills
At home, there is no timetable to be followed. When the learner has been given homework assignments, he or she has to fix the time to complete the work hence the learner will be able to develop time management skills.
- Parents get involved with a child’s life
Homework is mainly used by parents to see what their children are being taught in schools. When the child is not able to do the assignment, the parent may be involved and this makes them learn all methods the teachers use to teach learners.
- It encourages practice
The more the learners practice a concept, the more they understand it. The homework assignment is mainly given so that the learner may continue to practice whatever was learned in class and this may bring about perfection.
- Teaches learners how to set priorities
When a homework assignment is given to learners, it makes them not to go to play before completing the work. This makes them understand what to be given priority first.
- Teachers use it for their own assessment
When the teacher gives the learner an assignment, he or she will keenly look at how the assignment was done and through that can judge whether the objective was achieved or not hence plan for the next move.
- It teaches students problem-solving skills
Homework makes students think and come up with a solution hence they develop problem-solving skills that they may require outside the school environment.
- It teaches students to work without supervision
Homework makes students with little supervision or no supervision at all as the learner should be responsible to make sure that the work is done before reporting to school the next day.
Cons of Homework
- Children do not absorb much when tired
After school children are normally tired from the day’s activities at school. When they have more homework they will only do it to convince the teacher it was done but in real sense, they do not benefit from it.
- Too much work is assigned to students
The teachers normally assign a lot of work to learners in order for them to be seen as covering the content the learners should learn in that grade hence causing fatigue in learners.
- It encourages cheating
As the learners are not supervised, they may decide to cheat whereby they may Google the answers or even be shown by their parents hence not giving a clear picture of the learner’s results.
- The practice may not be possible
When a homework assignment is given, the intention is to enable the learner to have more practice but there is a possibility of the learner being assisted by the parent to locate the answers hence not making sense.
- It does not really improve the grades
The homework assignment does not really contribute to the improvement of learner’s grades. Sometimes the homework assignment may be done to convince the teacher hence the learner’s grades may remain the same.
- Some students may choose not to do it
Some students may decide not to do the homework assignment and this may give the teacher a hard time knowing whether they understood the concept or not.
- It discourages creativity
When a learner is given a homework assignment, will struggle to do the same way they were doing it in class and this may limit them to think of other possible ways of doing the same work hence no or little creativity.
- No evidence that homework improves the scores
There is no evidence that homework improves the scores of the learners. Some learners only benefit from what is taught in class and this renders homework assignments to them useless.
- Children take a lot of time in school
As children have a lot of time in school, then the work should be done in school so that when the learners go home they may engage themselves in other activities.
- Not every home has a conducive environment for studying
Some homes do not have the environment suitable for the learning to take place and this may make the student not to be able to do the homework assignment well.
- It encourages too much sitting
Learners do not have time to run around as they will be sitting most of the time and this may create some problems for their bodies. Sitting should be minimized by avoiding homework as they will be sitting during class time.
- It denies children time to play
Children may not have time to play as they will be very busy with homework. This may affect the general development of the child as playing plays a very vital role in the growth and development of children.
- It may create a negative attitude towards school
Learners may not like school as they may think that they are being overworked when they go to school and this may make them practice truancy or leave school completely.
The homework assignment is very helpful is given with the right intention and the learner feels that it is beneficial to him or her. When it is seen as a punishment, it may end up not benefiting both the learner and the teacher.