Genetically modified corn is maize crops that have been genetically engineered to have agriculturally desired traits such as resistance to pests and diseases, early maturity, and an increase in production. Genetically modified maize has possible health effects, impacts on other insects, and impacts on other plants.
Pros of Genetic Modified Corn
- It allows us to know more about ourselves
The process used in genetic engineering of corn is a similar process used in genetic engineering of human beings and this makes it possible for human beings to understand themselves more.
- It may reduce the cost of other food crops
Corn products are widely used. When there is a constant supply of corn then the prices of other food crops may reduce as there will be a sufficient supply of corn.
- The modified corn can last longer
Genetically modified corn can last longer hence it limits the use of preservatives in food. This also allows the farmers to invest more as the money that could be spent on buying preservatives could be used in other fields of development.
- It can be grown for specific purposes
When the field of corn is genetically modified can be used for various purposes. For instance, it can be used as livestock feeds and also for human consumption.
- It can be added nutritional benefits
Genetically modified corn can be made in a way that can provide varied nutritional content to the consumers hence resulting in healthy food.
- They are resistant to pests and diseases
Genetically modified corn is engineered in a way that they can resist pests and diseases and this reduces the number of herbicides used in the fields that are sometimes consumed by human beings unknowingly causing problems to human bodies.
- Early maturity
The corn matures faster and this makes it possible to have a constant supply of food crops hence people may not suffer from hunger.
- They produce high yields
When genetically modified corn is planted, the production is normally high and this makes it possible for the farmers to have a surplus and they can sell it and buy whatever they do not produce.
Cons of Genetic Modified Corn
- The government has granted the organizations right to genetic engineering
Many organizations are now involved in the field of genetic engineering and this has made it possible to have in the market the food that contains poison and this risks the life of human beings who consume the food products.
- It may cause disease
Genetically modified food has been seen as the cause of diseases such as cancer to human beings as they are responsible for the growth of cancerous cells in human bodies.
- It may lead to antibiotic resistance
Human bodies may resist antibiotics and this may lead to numerous death that result in simple diseases. Due to the food that is genetically modified, they may contain some bacteria and when bacteria are exposed to certain antibiotics for a long time they may end up becoming resistant.
- It may cause allergic reactions
The genetically modified corn may contain some nutrients that may cause allergic reactions to human bodies hence not good for human consumption.
- It does not have an economic benefit
The corn takes almost a similar time to mature as the non-genetic corn and it also does not fetch better prices in the market as compared to non-genetic corn hence it does not improve the economy of the country in any way.
- It may interfere with other plants
As the crops still require pollination, this may interfere with the other plants as the genes may be spread to the other plants during pollination and this may alter their growth.
- It may cause organ damage
Some organs in the human body may be damaged as a result of consuming genetically modified corn hence posing dangers to human bodies as it may lead to deaths.
- It may result in wastage
When there is the high production of the food crops, it may result in wastage of food as people may not use it sparingly hence not economically beneficial to the country.
Genetically modified corn can be used to solve hunger problems that is experienced in many countries and this may reduce deaths as a result of famine. The networks need to be improved so that the drawbacks may be minimized.