Fossil fuels are the world’s most used source of energy that power almost everything from vehicles to household lighting.
Today, there is a hot debate about the use of fossil fuel as the source of energy. Environmentalists are concerned about the usage, appropriateness, safety, and control.
Despite the numerous pros and cons of fossil fuels, the source of energy consumption is likely to reduce in the coming two to three decades.
In this post, you will learn about some of the most important advantages and disadvantages of fossil fuels. Let get started here.
Pros of Fossil Fuels
- Multiple Uses
The source of energy is used in transportation, refineries, and development of other products such as plastics. Fossil fuel can produce a high amount of energy for these purposes.
- Creation of Job Opportunities
The mining plants and power generation areas create employment opportunities for many people across the world.
- Reliable Source of Energy
The combustion of fossil fuels results in the production of a high amount of energy. It is the reason why it is regarded as the most reliable source of power in the world as compared to wind energy.
- Simple to Set up the Plant
The advancement in technology has made it easy to install, use, and maintain fossil fuel plants. It helps to increase the generation of electricity for use.
- Occur in Abundance
Fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas occur almost all over the world. Large reserves are making them be the most reliable sources of energy.
- Creation of Useful Byproducts
Petroleum is one of the fossil fuels, and the byproducts can be used for the production of other useful products such as plastics. These plastics are used in different ways.
Infrastructure for extraction and transportation of fossil fuels has made the energy source to be affordable among many people. It is the reason why it is widely used as compared to other sources of energy.
- Efficient Source of Energy
Base on the size of the fossil fuels, it tends to produce a large amount of energy, and this makes them more efficient compared to other sources of energy.
- Require Low Infrastructure
Fossil fuels are ancient sources of power, and the infrastructures used for transportation are readily available. Therefore, there is no need for the development of other pipelines and other means of transport.
- Boost Economic Growth
Fossil fuels help in the transportation of goods and services from one point to another. The productivity of the country is dependent on fossil fuels.
Cons of Fossil Fuels
- Risky to Harness
The miners of coals are highly susceptible to Black Lung Disease, which is quite fatal in the long run. The example shows that harness fossil fuel quite risky for the people involved.
- Non-renewable Energy
Almost all types of fossil fuels are non-renewable. The natural reserves are likely to get depleted any time soon since it has been harnessed for long.
- Causes Global Warming
The extraction and combustion of fossil fuels result in the emission of carbon dioxide. The gas is likely to contribute to the global warming effect.
- Unsustainable Source of Energy
Fossil fuel reserves are likely to get depleted and spending much on it results in unsustainability. It will force people to look for other alternatives in the coming decades.
- Releases More Waste Products
Coal and oil release a lot of waste products that need proper disposal. However, a high concentration of Sulphur, carbon, and other waste products can harm the ecosystem.
- Result in a lot of Antagonisms
Fossil fuels are non-renewable energy that is not clean. This has resulted in a lot of pressure from environmentalists. The hot debate is forcing the world to opt for alternative sources of clean energy.
- Environmental Effect
Drilling oil and mining coal cause pollution to the environment. Mining also removes natural nutrients from the soil, making it lose fertility.
- Result in More Accidents
Coal mining and nuclear power are associated with many accidents. So many people have lost their lives in coal mines according to the latest research.
- Public Health Issues
According to the department of health in the US, a lot of health issues have been reported and are related to the combustion of fossil fuels. Case of allergy, chronic coughing, and asthma are rising in recent days.
- Rising Costs
The natural reserves of fossil fuels are scarce, and the cost of extraction is also very high due to various complications. This has triggered the price of fossil fuels to be high.