Embryonic stem cell research is where cells are derived from embryos and studied on. Embryonic stem cells are derived from embryos that develop from eggs and have been fertilized in vitro clinics and then donated for research with the informed consent of the donors. They are taken at the early stages of implantation.
The cells are pluripotent that is they are able to differentiate into all derivatives of the three primary germ layers. The cells also have the ability to replicate indefinitely.
Pros of Embryonic Stem Cell Research
- They offer many medical possibilities
Embryonic stem cell research offers very many medical possibilities and this is beneficial to human life as it saves a lot of peoples’ lives hence reducing the mortality rate.
- The cells are not specialized
This condition allows them to be used in all parts of the body hence it can help cure any human being suffering from any diseases that have affected any part of his or her body.
- The research is more likely to progress the research in cancer
Cancer has termed to be a deadly disease but in the study of embryonic stem cells, it is believed that it may end up getting the right medication to the deadly disease. This will change the lives of many people across the world as they will be able to cure the disease once diagnosed with it.
- It can be used for heart diseases
With the use of embryonic stem cells, it is possible to cure heart diseases and this may really benefit a lot of people across the world hence it should be embraced and a lot of research to be conducted on it.
- The cells can be used for further research
As the cells are still young, more research can be done on them on properties of cells and this may make the researchers have more knowledge on many diseases that may affect human beings.
- The therapy is the best as compared to the antibiotics
After the development of antibiotics, the researchers think that embryonic stem cell research will enable them to get the cure to many diseases that people are suffering from worldwide.
- They can be used for transplant
As the cells have the ability to divide, they can be used for transplant as opposed to the adult stem cells that can no longer divide themselves.
- They come from unused embryos for in vitro fertilization
The embryonic stem cells are unused and they are chosen for in vitro for the benefit of human lives. They cannot be used without consent from the donor of the cells.
- They are taken when the central nervous system has not yet been formed
This makes it possible not to interfere with the donors’ system as the cells have not yet become part and parcel of the donors’ body system.
- They are not to be considered to have life
Researchers claim that at this stage, the cells are not to be considered persons and this makes it possible for the cells to be used as it is considered moral.
Read More: Pros and Cons of Stem Cell Research
Cons of Embryonic Stem Cell Research
- There are alternative ways
Researchers claim that instead of the embryonic stem cells being used, they can use the adult stem cells so that they may save the lives of the young generation.
- The use of taxpayers’ money to fund the research
The federal government is funding such research at the expense of American people yet the research is to be funded by the private organizations and not to use the governments’ money to fund the research.
- It has not been yet proven successful
The groups that oppose has it says that the research has been proved incapable to cure the diseases and the cells more so have caused tumors in the patients’ bodies hence not ready to be used on human beings.
- It takes away the chance of embryo to become human life
Many people oppose this as they think that it is immoral to deny the embryo a chance to become human life hence they do not support the research.
- No evidence that embryos do not have life
Due to this, people think that the embryos should not be destroyed as there is no proof that they do not have life.
- They deserve respect
The human embryos deserve respect as any other human being and so the researchers should respect the embryos and not destroy them.
- The belief that human life begins at conception
This does not allow the researchers to use the embryos as the blastocysts are destroyed when harvesting the embryonic cells hence it denies human life a chance to continue with its growth.
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The main purpose of using human embryos is not for destruction but to get treatment to various diseases that are really affecting human life. The controversial issue about using human embryos may come to an end with the growing technology to allow the researchers to invent various treatments to diseases.