21 Biggest Pros and Cons of Direct Democracy

Direct democracy is a form of democracy in which people decide on policy initiatives directly. The decisions are taken from the representatives. All the decisions are voted on by the people. The government is not allowed to make decisions on its own.

It focuses on specific issues. There is the active participation of people in matters concerning the government.

pros and cons of direct democracy

Pros of Direct Democracy

  1. It changes the purpose of voting

Voting under direct democracy becomes a responsibility. This only works where the government is literally for the people.

  1. Allows people to control their quality of life

People are able to control their quality of life as they are able to advocate for their own interests. Even if the interest is only for them and not for the government they have control over it hence they are not oppressed by the laws from the leaders.

  1. It brings rise to a society that is happy

People are able to live happily as they may not be operating under the laws that they do not know how they came into existence and this may make them do a lot of innovations as they will be doing it for the benefit of their society.

  1. People have the ability to recall government officials

Once the leaders that are elected are not doing as per required by the people, then there is a possibility of the people to recall the officials and elect the other one in the place.

  1. There is more cooperation

In a direct democracy, there is more cooperation as people may not want to fail their own leader hence they will do as the leader requires them.

  1. It allows government accountability

The leaders are to be accountable to anything they do and this makes it possible for the leaders not to be in a position so that they may enrich themselves alone. They do everything for the good of everyone in the country.

  1. There is transparency

Members of the public are allowed to access any information concerning them and the information has to be transparent in that the leaders are able to defend their figures.

  1. A vote counts in direct democracy

As people are directly involved in the leadership, their votes are very important. People are represented by a few individuals and this makes it possible for everyone to give his or her view on any matter.

  1. It does not allow corruption

As the government is to be transparent, then there is no possibility that people may be corrupt hence all the resources in the country will be able to benefit everyone and not a few individuals.

Cons of Direct Democracy

  1. Most decisions are based on self-interest

In a direct democracy, most people will make decisions that will favor them in one way or another and this may make the outspoken people only benefit from the system.

  1. It is difficult to work in a large country

When a country is large, it may not be possible for the government to work as it will be time-consuming taking opinions from each member before they are implemented.

  1. Referendums do not turn out as expected

In a direct democracy, it is difficult to have the results from the referendum as it may be expected as each and everyone will have his or her own reasons for not doing whatever that is proposed.

  1. Difficult to rule under direct democracy

It turns out to be difficult as the members of the public would like to be involved in all the matters concerning them before the decision is arrived at and this may take a lot of time.

  1. It can allow instability

There can be instability whereby the members of the public are free to re-elect someone else if the one elected proves not to be doing as required by the public hence there is no stable leader in such cases hence not easy to improve economically as most of the time will be spent on assessing the person elected.

  1. It may favor those with great socioeconomic status

Those that are at high socioeconomic status may be favored by the kind of leadership as people will be sure that they cannot steal from the government which may turn out to be wrong. This may also make people elect someone who does not have the qualities of good leadership.

  1. It may be expensive

Members of the public may need to be educated on everything and this may need people to be hired to educate the members of the public before the decision is arrived at.

  1. It may encourage discrimination

It is easy for people to practice discrimination as those in high class may have different opinions from those in low class and this may make the opinions of those in high class to be heard more.

  1. There is no guarantee that all people may participate

There are some people who will neither support nor oppose the government and this may make them not to be part and parcel of the government.

  1. Difficult to make decisions

It is not easy to make a decision on something as people will have different opinions and this may make it difficult to arrive at a decision.

  1. Time-consuming

It takes a lot of time for all members to be consulted over an issue and this may make it difficult for it to be implemented.

  1. Some people may have wrong choices

As everyone has to participate, some people may literally have wrong choices but their choices will have to be respected and this may lead to having a government that has confused people.


Direct democracy may sound good as people will not feel oppressed and this may make them not to oppose the governments’ decisions as they will feel as being part of it.

This may make people live in harmony without hating one another. Although the drawbacks have to be looked in to so that the government can run smoothly.

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