Cloning is the process of generating a genetically identical copy of a cell or an organism. It is the duplication of any kind of biological material for scientific study. The cloning vector must be small in size, must be self-replicating, the introduction of donor DNA fragments must not interfere with the replication.
Pros of Cloning
- Advancing development
Cloning can make the animal grow very fast as the introduced DNA fragments may accelerate the growth of the animal as it may have those features.
- It can lead to animals with specific traits
When cloning the undesired traits may be removed and the animal may only remain with the traits that are desired. Human beings also can have the genes altered and end up remaining with the traits that are desired only.
- Enhances research
As scientists study the traits, they get to know the causes and results of different diseases that may attack the genes in the body of animals. This makes them come up with different medicines that can be used to cure different diseases.
- Facilitates organ transplant
The doctors are able to transplant organs because of cloning. They study the organ and know the genes that need to be altered so that the organ may not create problems for the receiver of the organ.
- Helps in infertility cases
A couple that is having a problem of infertility can get children as a result of cloned cells. This helps solve the problem of many couples going for adopted children who may have traits that are not desired.
- Results in the production of healthy foods
Farmers use the idea of cloning to come with food that is healthy hence improving the health of those who consume the food.
- It minimizes the use of antibiotics
As a result of cloning, farmers produce animals that have high immunity and this makes them not be attacked by simple ailments and this will reduce the number of antibiotics that are put in their bodies hence very little can be transferred to the consumers.
- It allows the creation of eminent people
Influential people in society can easily be re-created. These people may pass the knowledge to the world and this may make the world a good place and be maintained.
- It may lead to a cure for diseases
As the researchers do cloning, they may study the causes of different occurrences on the genes and they may end up coming up with the medicine that can cure the diseases hence people will not continue dying of the ailment.
- It can extend human life
Through cloning, human life can be extended by altering their genetic make-up and this may reduce the mortality rate as people will be able to live long.
- It can make humans be ready for global warming
Cloning would speed up the process of developing human beings that can adapt to life with global warming effects as they will develop humans that can adopt o life hence it will no longer be a pandemic in the world.
Cons of Cloning
- Societal impacts
Human cloning causes psychological distress in society as some of the genes that may be replicated may not be the required once hence difficult to do away with the genes.
- Transfer of undesired traits
If the original organism has genetic defects, then they may be easily transferred to other organisms hence creating a bigger challenge.
- Making of designer babies
Researchers use reproductive cloning to make designer babies and this may cause the morals of the society to be eroded slowly hence creating a completely different society.
- It can lead to the violation of human rights
Human cloning can lead to violation of human rights in that the researchers may use an individual’s samples without necessarily informing the donor what exactly is the sample going to be used for hence violation of human rights.
- Embryonic cloning
When too many clones are made from embryonic cells they tend to degrade and this may cause a health problem to the individuals involved hence it is not healthy to have too many clones from an individual’s embryonic cells.
- Transfer of genetic defects
The donor may have genetic defects and when the cells are transferred to another individual the defects may be transferred hence creating a generation that has the same genetic defects.
- It may lead to faster aging
Cloning may make human beings age faster as the genes that are introduced in their bodies make them grow faster hence faster aging.
- It mainly benefits the wealthy
As it is an expensive process to undertake, it mainly benefits the ones with the resources as they can get the desired traits they want.
- It can contaminate our DNA
Human beings may have their DNA being contaminated which will lead to a higher risk of diseases hence cloning is not that beneficial.
- It mainly targets women who are struggling financially
Human cloning will majorly target women who are struggling financially to have their eggs to do cloning on them as they only want money but not children of which they may need children later and they will not be able to get.
- It would lead to human exploitation
Most women would undergo the process so that their eggs could be extracted and this would eventually lead to human exploitation.
Cloning is a good idea but it has come with a lot of drawbacks that make it risky to human lives as 90% of the test has not yet yielded positive results hence it becomes wastage of the cells that are extracted from the donors. Scientists need to really look into it so that they may have positive results.