Chemical energy is energy stored in the bonds of chemical compounds like atoms and molecules. The energy is released when a chemical reaction takes place. It is a type of potential energy.
Pros of Chemical Energy
- The energy can be stored
The energy can be stored for later use in various ways. The challenge is that the energy will degrade but at least it can be used later like any other form of energy.
- It can turn in to sustainable resources
The hydrocarbons can be turned in to photovoltaic panels that harvest solar energy and make the environment friendly. This will lead to a reduction in global warming as the items used to produce energy will be environmentally friendly.
- It is the beginning of many economic activities
It provides economic opportunities that support life. Farming is the main economic activity that supports other activities as it provides raw materials to other industries. The products that are grown can either be used for fuel or food.
- It provides power
The energy can be provided anywhere for instance, when someone feels cold can lit a charcoal stove and arm himself, if hungry can cook and get food to satisfy the hunger hence energy is provided.
- Easy to consume
It is the easiest form of energy to combust for it to provide the needed energy. That provides instant energy to consume at any time when needed.
- Available throughout the world
Many kinds of natural substances provide the potential to provide chemical energy. Many people use energy without realizing it as it is plenty in each and every place.
- It is useful in the growth of plants
Plants grow because they have the ability to utilize chemical energy. Plants use the sunshine raise to start the process of photosynthesis which will in turn enable them to make their own food hence they will grow.
- It can be converted into electrical energy
Potential energy from the chemical reactions gives the fuel needed to create electricity. Coal-fired power plants uses this form of energy and in the end, they produce electricity.
- It burns easily
Chemical energy burns easily and through that, it can be converted into various useful projects hence the easiest form of energy to use.
- It burns efficiently
The system highly depends on oxygen. If there is a good supply of oxygen, then the fuel will burn to the maximum and there will be no wastage. This is why most vehicle engines use chemical energy to enable them to go for long distances on the road.
- The effects of chemical energy can be controlled within the environment
When chemical energy is consumed responsibly, we can repair previous damages and not put the future generation into risks such as global warming that has been experienced in the world.
- It can be used to generate renewable sources of energy
We can use energy to create items that will provide renewable energy. It can be used to create turbines that can bring power from the wind hence generating energy from it to be used in other fields.
Read More: Pros and Cons of Nuclear Energy
Cons of Chemical Energy
- There is a possibility of harming others
Through the use of chemical energy technologies, we can easily harm others by producing chemical weapons that may be used to kill others. It can also lead to the destruction of our planet by emitting poisonous gases to the environment.
- It can produce toxic waste materials
Chemical energy will release radiation to the environment during the power generation process. The radiation can cause various diseases to human beings such as cancer which is expensive to treat and can eventually lead to the death of the individual having it.
- Some resources are limited
Some chemical resources are limited such as uranium and yet it is the most efficient form of energy used today. Only a few countries have located uranium resources that can be accessed.
- The energy resources can be expensive
Most resources are originally based and it can be expensive to acquire the resources. For coal to generate electricity, it should be first mined then taken to where it can be converted to electricity.
- It is not easy to replace chemical energy resources
When the natural energy is consumed, it disappears and this becomes a problem when it needs to be replaced. For instance, when natural gases are used, it is not easier to replace them, unlike wood.
- It is not clean
Chemical energy is not a clean form of energy as compared to other forms of energy. The process of combustion releases some products into the atmosphere that may have long term effects on the atmosphere.
- It relies on a combustion
To access chemical energy, it relies on combustion. When items are combusted, they are destroyed. They can no longer be useful again and this means that the sources can only be used once.
- Not good for human health
Chemical energy can cause various problems for human health. When there is combustion there are a lot of emissions to the atmosphere and this may cause many problems for human health.
Read More: Pros and Cons of Solar Energy
Chemical energy assists us to manage our needs well. We can easily access the energy when there is a need hence it is very necessary for our daily lives. If the drawbacks are looked in to then it can be a reliable source of energy.