24 Important Pros and Cons of Asexual Reproduction

Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction that does not involve the fusion of gametes or in the number of chromosomes. It gives rise to offspring which possess the genes of the parent.

In asexual reproduction, only one parent is required and there is no fusion of gametes or mixing of genetic information. The offsprings are usually clones and are identical to the parents.

Pros and Cons of Asexual Reproduction

Pros of Asexual Reproduction

  1. It needs a little investment

It can produce as many offsprings as possible at one time and it does not need to carry the offspring for long period of time. As it is fast it means little investment of time and money.

  1. Easy to boost reproduction

When a certain habitat has been identified, it is possible to boost the reproduction and in the end, there will be many offsprings.

  1. It is environmental friendly

A good environment is selected for reproduction to take place. The reproduction may not be affected by the environmental conditions which may make the reproduction to slow down or die in the process.

  1. It needs little time and resources

For organisms to reproduce asexually, there is little time that is required as only the gametes have to be taken and put under favorable conditions for the plant or animal to reproduce.

  1. It does not require mobility

The organisms do not have to move to another place in order for them to reproduce. It is possible for it to be done from where the organisms are hence there will be no cases of climatic influence.

  1. Useful in case of emergency

This is useful to plants that require pollination for reproduction to take place. When there is no agent of pollination asexual reproduction becomes useful as it will save the situation and reproduction will still go on.

  1. Easy to find a mate

It is easy to find a mate in asexual reproduction as there will be a variety of gametes hence the animal has to continue reproducing even after relocating to new areas where it cannot find mates.

  1. High chances of survival

The species is able to survive even in areas where there are a lot of predators as measures will be put in place to ensure the survival of the offsprings.

  1. It has a simple procedure

It is simple to reproduce asexually as little energy is required for the reproduction to take place and the procedure is not complicated.

  1. Easy to increase the population

The population of the organism can increase rapidly when the favourable conditions have been put in place hence easy to have many offsprings.

  1. It needs only one parent

It is a convenient way of reproducing as only one parent will be required for the reproduction to take place. There will be no need to look for the other parent that may take a lot of time to find.

  1. It is fast

It is fast to reproduce asexually hence the offsprings are easy to be brought up within a little time.

Read More: Pros and Cons of Stem Cell Research 

Cons of Asexual Reproduction

  1. It is easy to extinct a species

The organisms that are produced through asexual reproduction have the same weaknesses and strengths. When a predator discovers one of them, all of them can easily be done away with within a short time.

  1. Poor conditions for the subjects

Asexual reproduction can lead to unfavorable conditions to the organism and this can easily wipe away the whole population.

  1. Not easy to control the population

Asexual reproduction can lead to the production of many offsprings which may become a problem to feed them and take care of them.

  1. It may lead to overcrowding

Many organisms may be forced to live under one place that is very crowded making others not grow healthy hence resulting in weak offsprings.

  1. Competition for food and space

As asexual reproduction leads to the production of many offsprings, food and space may become a problem hence resulting in survival for the fittest whereby some may die on the way.

  1. Little variation

When reproducing asexually, the emphasis is put on reproduction and this makes it possible not to reproduce offsprings that have varied traits.

  1. Easy to transfer mutations

The reproduction-only requires one parent, the genes that have mutation may be transferred from the parent to the offspring, and of which they may have a defect.

  1. Difficult to adapt

The offsprings are not able to adapt to different environments from which they were reproduced and this may make it impossible to move them from one place to another.

  1. It may hinder diversity

There will be no diversity of genes and this may result in the production of offsprings with the same characteristics.

  1. Minimal pest resistance

The resistance of the off sprigs is weak hence they cannot be able to fight any challenges that come across them by themselves.

  1. Have lower life span

As they are reproduced faster, their life span is low. They do not live for a long time and this may make it easy for them to be extinguished if the reproduction is not enhanced quickly.

  1. It requires specialized skills

For those who cultivate crops through this method, they need a lot of skills for them to be able to reproduce which may sometimes be expensive as the farmer will be required to higher the services of a specialist for the reproduction to take place.

Read More: Pros and Cons of Embryonic Stem Cell Research 

Summary

In the field of agriculture, asexual reproduction is really being used as it can make plants that are in an unfavourable environment to reproduce hence able to have a variety of plants in an area with the desired characteristics.

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