20 Huge Pros and Cons Keystone Pipeline

Keystone pipeline is an oil transport system intended to deliver barrels of crude oil from Western Canada to the Gulf Coast of the United States where the refinery process is supposed to take place.

The construction process of the pipeline system is still in place, but almost half of the work is done despite the antagonism from the environmentalists.

According to the Keystone pipeline pros and cons, the construction has the capability of creating job opportunities as well as revenue for both Trans Canadians and North Americans.

However, pipeline oil transport system is prone to leakages which can contaminate the groundwater and even destroy the natural habitat of a small living organism.

In this post, you will explore the advantages and disadvantages of the Keystone pipeline. You will also get to know why the Keystone pipeline is good.

keystone pipeline pros and cons
keystone pipeline pros and cons

Pros of Keystone Pipeline

  1. Creation of Job Opportunities

The construction of the pipelines from the border of Canada to the United States has open temporal job opportunities for many unemployed people. A group of unemployed people has been employed permanently in the oil refinery company.

  1. Boost Trading Relationship

The development of pipelines through the Canadian Border is going to result in an excellent trading relationship between the United States and Canada.

  1. Reduction in Prices of Oil

The superb transport system will foster the production of a large amount of oil which will, in turn, trigger the decrease in oil prices.

  1. Creates Efficient Canadian Economy

The cost of production of oil from petroleum reserves is reduced by the pipeline system. The oil systems enable producers from Canada to raise prices due to cut overhead costs and high-quality petroleum.

  1. Reliable Product for Gulf Coast Refiners

The Gulf Coast of the United States will have a reliable source that will enable them to produce adequate tar sand oils and also complete the entire project.

Research shows that the process will support the United States much as compared to the Mexican and Venezuela.

  1. Reduction of Green Gases

The leakages from the pipeline hurt the environment. However, the advancement in technology has made extraction and transportation safe hence reducing the emission of green gases.

  1. Boost the Economy

The economy of the country is going to improve. Construction of the Keystone pipeline is going to boost the economy of the United States by $3.4 billion.

  1. Safe Transportation

The conduit’s construction is going to ensure reliable transportation for the Canadian border to the Gulf Coast. It is going to reduce the occurrence of accidents in case they are transported by tankers by the road.

  1. Enhance Energy Security in the USA

The USA is going to get a continuous supply of crude oil from the world’s most significant production of oil. The pipeline system will ensure a stable amount of fuel throughout the year without any interruption.

  1. Energy Independent

The intention of Keystone pipeline construction is to energy the North America region will attain power independent by 2030.

Read More: Pros and Cons of Hydroelectric Power 

Cons of Keystone Pipeline

Are pipelines safe? Yes in case they are appropriately designed. However, they still experience some challenges when delivering the products to the required destinations. The following are some of the significant disadvantages of the Keystone pipeline.

  1. Low Wages

The majority of temporal workers involved in the construction of the Keystone pipeline are paid minimum wages. Wages mainly cannot help them support their needs.

  1. Oil Leakages

Oil leakages from Keystone pipeline environmental impact are harmful. The leakages will destroy the natural habitat of living creatures in the area.

  1. Carbon Pollution

Transportation of oil over long-distance results in a carbon footprint that is hazardous to the environment. Production of oil also results in the emission of carbon that causes the greenhouse effect.

  1. Deforestation

The oil production process involves heating and burning of substances. The method of heating usually require wood from trees, and this may result in deforestation.

  1. Global Warming

Production of oil from the Keystone pipeline causes excessive release of carbon gases into the atmosphere. The gases contribute to global warming and change in the climate.

  1. Destruction of Marine Creatures

The byproducts of the oil after processing are usually disposed of in ponds or water catchment area. The toxic elements in the water can destroy marine life.

  1. Increase Spread of Diseases

Oil leakages can enter underground water, and this may enhance the spread of diseases like a renal failure as well as cancer.

  1. Loss of Jobs

Despite the oil companies making huge profits, they have begun to lay off some employees immediately after the installation of pipelines.

  1. Reduction in Investment in Clean Energy

Many countries have been investing a lot in clean, renewable energy. However, the introduction of the Keystone pipeline has triggered a reduction in investment, and this is going to lead to a horrible world.

  1. Tar Sands Oil Are Highly Corrosive

The oil that is supposed to be transported through the Keystone XL extension is highly corrosive. The petroleum will make the inner parts of the pipeline to destroy and then burst hence increase oil leakage leading to pollution.

Read More: Pros and Cons of Oil Energy 

Final Thoughts

The Keystone pipeline’s pros and cons prove that there will be economic growth in both Canada and the United States. The cons indicate that the resources being transported will also harm the environment more.

It is advisable for the environmentalist, and the people involved in the construction to sit down then find ways on how to do it without affecting the natural habitats.

If the project is done in the right way, then it is likely to have a tremendous economic impact on the two nations that are involved.

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