Wave energy is another source that is used to generate electricity for household and industrial consumption. Few people have no clue how power is harness from the waves of the oceans.
There are a lot of advantages and disadvantages of wave energy. They are the reason behind energy harness along the coastal region of the US, Australia, Canada, and Scotland.
In this post, you will explore detailed information about the pros and cons of wave energy around the world. Let get started now:
Advantages of Wave Energy
- Renewable Energy
Production of power from the waves will never get depleted. Waves on the shore of the ocean are there to stay forever. The feature makes wave energy among the most reliable source of electricity.
- Environmental Friendly
The creation of energy from the waves does not release byproducts that are harmful to the environment like the use of fossil fuels. It is grouped among the cleanest source of power in the world.
- Occur in Abundance
Coastal regions experience a lot of waves, and the construction of wave energy plants does not fret humans since they are used to it. Wave energy is widely available, especially to regions near the oceans and seas.
- Varieties of Ways to Harness Energy
Advancement in technology has created several ways to harness wave energy from oceans and seas. It is the reason why wave energy is readily available for the production of power.
- Easily Predictable
Wave power is an alternative source of energy since you can easily predict the amount of energy to be produced since it is dependent on the waves being blown to the shores.
- Reduce Dependence on Oil
The invention of wave energy technology has to reduce dependence on foreign oil since it is considered as the most affordable and clean energy.
- Does not Cause Land Degradation
Production of wave energy does not cause any damage on the earth’s surface like the extraction of fossil fuels such as coal and oil.
- Reliable Sources of Energy
Interruption of wave motion is not natural, and this is the reason why wave power is the most reliable source of energy in the world.
- Low Operational Cost
Once the wave energy instruments have been installed, they do not require any fuel to trigger them to work. The waves from the ocean or sea turn the turbines on their own for the production of power.
- Clean and Green Energy Source
Energy from the ocean waves turns turbines for the generation of electricity. There is no emission of gases that causes the greenhouse effect.
Read More: Pros and Cons of Tidal Energy
Disadvantages of Wave Energy
- High Cost
Construction of wave energy plant and installation of various equipment require a lot of capital. It is the reason why harnessing energy from waves can be too expensive.
- Negative Effect on the Environment
The development of wave energy plants on the shore and offshore can interfere with the growth of the economy. The plants make people fret since they believe it can result in pollution that would scare tourists away.
- Effect on Marine Life
The sound produced by the turning turbines can scare away marine animals from their natural habitat. Moreover, turning turbines can even destroy marine animals.
- Specific Locality
Wave energy cannot be produced in any place rather areas near the ocean or the seas. This is a limiting factor since oceans and seas are not accessible to all nations.
- Visual and Noise Pollution
The development of a wave energy plant along the ocean destructs the view of the beautiful beach. The sound generated by the turbines can cause noise pollution.
- Not Weather Insulated
Research shows that during rainy conditions, power production from wave energy plant is low, and this feature makes it less efficient in energy production.
- Difficult to Transmit Energy
Transportation of electricity generated from waves can be difficult due to low technology advancement in the sector.
- Reduce Shore Usage
Construction of wave energy plant on the shore and offshore reduces the activities of fishing since the plant tends to occupy a more significant area.
- Few Implemented
According to the survey, few wave energy plants have been constructed globally. Therefore, it is quite challenging to determine the lifespan of the equipment in the plant.
- High Cost of Maintenance and Repair
Most of the material used in the generation of electricity from waves get exposed to various factors triggering rust. The cost of repair and replacement of this equipment can be too expensive.
Read More: Pros and Cons of Hydroelectric Energy