Petroleum oil is a non-renewable energy source and it contains hydrocarbon as well as Sulphur. It is among the most reliable sources of energy in the world.
In this post, you will discover some of the advantages and disadvantages of petroleum energy sources. The information about the pros and cons of petroleum is quite crucial in making an informed decision. Let’s jump in:
Advantages of Petroleum
- Has High Density
According to research, a small amount of oil can produce a large amount of energy for consumption. It is considered as one of the best fuel in the world.
- Can be Extracted Easily
Advancement in technology has made it easy to extract petroleum from the underground surface despite different geological conditions.
- Low Cost of Extraction
The extraction of oil requires less technical and physical effort. Therefore, the cost of petroleum production is quite affordable as compared to other energy sources.
- Easy Transportation
Petroleum is usually in a liquid state, and this makes it quite easy during transportation. In most cases, they are transported through a pipeline to prevent the occurrence of road accidents caused by tankers.
- High Available
The excellent infrastructure of petroleum makes it accessible to many people. The oil can be transported through pipelines, ships, and trucks around the globe.
Petroleum is the primary source of energy across the world. It is typically used to power heavy machines, generators, and vehicles.
- Crucial Components in Industries
Petroleum is not only known for generating energy but also the production of other elements such as Vaseline, clothing, and medicine.
- Powerful Source of Energy
Cars that are powered by petroleum can travel for longer distances and at a breakneck speed. Oil is an authoritative source of energy for any vehicle or machine.
- Reliable Source of Energy
Petroleum is the safest alternative source of energy, unlike solar and wind power. The advancement in technology has made oil manufacturing plants to grow very fast.
- Relatively Cheap
Petroleum energy is relatively cheap when compared to other sources of energy although their prices vary. The low extraction cost makes them more affordable.
Read More: Pros and Cons of Oil Energy
Disadvantages of Petroleum
- Climate Change
The emission of carbon gases during the extraction of oil from the plants causes a change in the climate. The gases are the reason behind the global warming effect.
- Environmental Pollution
The extraction of oil from the underground affect underground water negatively. Contaminated water destroys marine life around the oil wells. The burning of gases during removal also leads to the greenhouse effect.
- Acidic Rain
Combustion of oil results in the production of Sulphur and Nitrogen gases. These gases combine with oxygen to form oxides that readily result in acidic rain. The rain destroys lakes, seas, and properties.
- Susceptible to High Risks
A worker in oil plants is highly vulnerable to high risks. They are likely to be involved in accidents while working in the oil fields.
- Result in Hazardous Substances
Extraction and refining of petroleum result in toxic substances. The carbon and Sulphur traces can pose health risks to people around oil plants.
- Limited Resources
Petroleum energy does not occur in abundance like other sources of energy. They are highly susceptible to run out in the future.
- Non-renewable Energy Source
When petroleum is burnt out during the production of power, it can never be replaced. In future extraction of oil is going to get depleted from the reserves.
- Expensive during Extraction
Everything surrounds petroleum extraction, and processing is quite expensive. Although it brings in huge profits is because it is costly. The product is the only energy source that is available to a large population of consumers.
- Result in Violence and Terrorism
A lot of money in oil areas are mainly meant for funding terrorist. Oil money is primarily used to help politicians in the worn-torn area to create political indifference that can result in war.
- Oil Spillage
Oil leakage is a common problem affecting the petroleum industry. In case the spillage gets its way in the water, it can destroy all the marine life and also causes water pollution.
Read More: Pros and Cons of Geothermal
The advantages and disadvantages of petroleum energy sources are quite many. Above all, petroleum energy remains the most used energy source since it is multipurpose.
The cons of petroleum usually show a negative impact on the environment and health of human being especially during extraction as well as transportation. It is the reason why they get opposition from environmentalists.
Petroleum energy has the potential to grow if the right technology is employed during extraction and transportation. It is advisable for the government to invest in the sector a lot to reduce the cost of using the energy source.