Racial profiling is the use of race to determine which drivers to stop for minor traffic violations. They are discriminatory practices by the law officials of targeting individuals for suspicion of crime based on the individual’s race.
Pros of Racial Profiling
- It allows potential of stopping crimes
If someone has no good intentions, racial profiling will easily stop the person and this will enable the people not to move to other areas with the intention of committing a crime.
- It fits the demographic of crime
In the United States, racial minority commits a lot of crimes, this makes those who are the majorities not to commit crimes hence reducing the levels of crime in the United States as there are few minorities in the country.
- It can save money
It takes less time and money to track down individuals who have committed a crime. The money can be put towards other developmental projects hence the country can develop economically.
- It reduces crime over the long-term
When a crime is stopped, there is a possibility of reducing the crime rates for over a long period of time and this can make a nation develop as there will be little vices to deal with as a nation.
- It can be a practice that is mostly unrestricted
This allows the security to stop someone and search them on demand and this makes it easier to stop those who have intentions of committing crimes hence low crime rates in the nation.
- It allows economic development
The nation is able to develop economically as people will not fear to invest as there will be low crime rates in the country hence economically developing.
Cons of Racial Profiling
- Not effective
This may make the whites commit a lot of crimes hiding under the umbrella of the blacks hence it can turn out to be difficult to control crime. Some whites may use the blacks to commit the crime and this may still contribute to high rates.
- Dictates the action of a police officer before any crime is committed
This makes the blacks plan on how they may defend themselves in case of a situation and this may make the search not to be effective as the blacks in the United States know the number of times they can be stopped by the police officers as compared to the whites.
- It can lead to other types of profiling
There is a possibility that it can lead to the rise of other types of profiling. Religion, sexual preference, and gender identity may erupt due to racial profiling.
- It may be costly
To effect the rules, it may be costly as it will take a lot of resources to look for the person who committed a crime when the officers do not know exactly who committed the crime.
- It may make the community feel insecure
As the community will be aware that they are seen as criminal offenders, they may feel insecure and this may make them move away from the area or develop mechanisms to defend themselves even when they have committed a crime.
- No guarantee that crime will be successfully stopped
As the whites may gang up with the blacks to commit a crime then there will be no guarantee that racial profiling will bring crime to an end.
- It may violate people’s rights
As it will be practiced in the line of discrimination, then there will be biasness of the law and this will make one race to commit crimes and go scot-free while others to be punished severely.
- It makes the minorities be denied other necessary services
In the United States, it made it difficult for other races to access quality education as the white overlooked them and this made them not to utilize their levels of skills well.
Racial profiling can lead to other forms of profiling and this may make some races not to gain access to the relevant resources which may make people to be discouraged from living in other countries and this may make the developed countries to have people who can work in the farms and other low-class jobs hence making the nations not to develop.